Optimisation of dilute acid hydrolysis for bioethanol production from selected agricultural wastes
Firstly, yeasts were isolated from rotting orange and subjected to ethanol tolerance screening. Next, the substrates were subjected to dilute acid hydrolysis using different concentrations of HNO3 (3 %, 4 % and 5 %) at 20 % solid loading and then autoclaved at 121 oC for 30 minutes. Dilute acid optimisation yielded varying amounts of reducing sugars. The 3 %, 4 % and 5 % HNO3 solutions produced hydrolysates with the highest amounts of reducing sugars of 19.28 g/L, 16.36 g/L and 7.59 g/L from cassava peels, corn bran, and millet bran, respectively. Hydrolysate fermentation resulted in bioethanol concentrations of 7.73 g/L from cassava peels hydrolysate, 8.98 g/L from corn bran hydrolysate and 1.69 g/L from millet bran hydrolysate.
Ahmed El-Imam, A.M., Greetham, D., Du, C. & Dyer, P.S. (2019a). The development of a biorefining strategy for the production of biofuel from sorghum milling waste. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 150, 107-288.