Adsorptive Potency of Activated Carbonized Avocado Pear Seeds (Persea Americana) and Activated Carbonized orange peels (Citrus Sinensis) in Eliminating Pb2+ ions in Contaminated Water.
Heavy metals persistence in water brings about undesirable effect on man and animal because they are not degradable like other organic pollutants. Carbonized Avocado Pear seed (CAPS) as well as carbonized orange peel (COP) was impregnated with Potassium hydroxide (KOH) in ratio 1:1 for 48 hours. The KOH impregnated CAPS and COP was separately washed and oven dried at 10 for 6 hours and thereafter heated in a muffle furnace (Carbolite AAF1100) at 2500C for 1 hour. The activated carbonized pear seed (ACAPS) and activated carbonized orange peel (ACOP) obtained was physicochemically described with SEM and FTIR. The adsorption route of Pb2+ ion on top of ACAPS as well as ACOP was examined by means of batch adsorption isotherm investigation. The Pb2+ ion adsorption pattern was assessed with Langmuir, DRK, Freundlich, Tempkin and Flory-Huggin isotherm models. The SEM photograph, disclosed that ACAPS posessed numerous openings of different dimensions whereas ACOP possessed less openings of lesser dimensions. R2 worth ranging from 0.92 to 1.00 was got, indicating that the whole isotherm models were capable of elucidating the connection in the figures got. The Pb2+ ion had a firmer attraction and adsorption capacity for ACAPS. On the overall, ACAPS was a superior adsorbent likened with ACOP for effectual elimination of Pb2+ ion owing to a blend of its numerous pores of different dimensions and it surface functional groups with a qm worth of 23.10 and 6.06mg/g in that order.
Abdel-Raouf, M. S. and Abdul-Raheim, A. R. M (2017). Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Waste
Water by Biomass-Based Materials: A Review. Journal of Pollution Effects and Control 5(1)
Adekola, F. A., Adegoke, H. I. and Ajikanle, R. A. (2016). Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies of Pb(II) And
Cd(II) Adsorption On African Wild Mango (Irvingia Gabonensis) Shell. Bulletin Chemical Society of
Almalike, L. B. (2017). Equations Adsorption Isotherms for Biuret on Soils, Paper and Cortex Plant
Application of the Freundlich, Langmuir, Temkin, Elovich, Flory-Huggins, Halsey and Harkins-Jura.
International Journal of Advanced Research in Chemical Science 4(5):9-20.
Amin, M. T., Alazba, A. A. and Shafiq, M.(2015). Adsorptive Removal of Reactive Black 5 from Wastewater
Using Bentonite Clay: Isotherms, Kinetics and Thermodynamics. Sustainability 7:15302-15318.
Ayawei, N., Ebelegi, A. N., and Wankasi, D. (2017). Isotherms-Review Article. Hindawi Journal of
Bankole, O. M., Oyeneyin, O. E., Olaseni, S. E., Akeremale, O. K.. and Adanigbo, P. (2019). Kinetics and
Thermodynamic Studies for Rhodamine B Dye Removal Onto Graphene Oxide Nanosheets in
Simulated Wastewater. American Journal of Applied Chemistry 7(1):10-24.
Essomba, J. S., Nsami, J. N., Belibi, P. D. B., Tagne, G. M. and Mbadcam, J. K. (2014). Adsorption of
Cadmium(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution onto Kaolinite and Metakaolinite. Pure and Applied Chemical
Sciences 2(1):11 – 30.
Fu, F. and Wang, Q. (2011). Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Wastewaters: A Review. Journal of
Environmental Management 92:407-418
Ghasemi, M., Mashhadi, S., and Azimi-Amin, J. (2018). Fe3O4/AC Nanocomposite as a Novel Nano
Adsorbent for Effective Removal of Cationic Dye: Process Optimization Based on Taguchi Design
Method, Kinetics, Equilibrium and Thermodynamics. Journal of Water Environment and
He, Y, Wu, P, Xiao, W, Li, G., Yi, J. and He, Y. (2019). Efficient Removal of Pb(II) from Aqueous Solution
by a Novel Ion Imprinted Magnetic Biosorbent: Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanisms. Plos ONE 14(3):
Hossain, M.A., Hao, N., Guo, H.W.S. and Nguyen, T.V. (2012). Removal of Copper from Water by
Adsorption onto Banana Peels as Bioadsorbent. International Journal of Geomaterial 2:227-234
Hossain, M. A., Hossain, Md. L. and Tanim-al-Hassan (2016). Equilibrium, Thermodynamic and Mechanism
Studies of Malachite Green Adsorption on Used Black Tea Leaves from Acidic Solution. International
Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy. 64:77-88
Iakovleva, E. and Sillanpää, M. (2013). The Use of Low Cost Adsorbents for Wastewater Purification In
Mining Industries. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20(11):7878-7899.
Igwe, J.C and Abia, A.A. (2007). Adsorption Isotherm Studies of Cd (II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) Ions
Bioremediation from Aqueous Solution Using Unmodified and EDTA-Modified Maize Cob.
Ecletica Química, São Paulo, 32(1): 33-42.
Inyinbor, A. A., Adekola, F. A., and Olatunji, G. A.(2016). Liquid Phase Adsorptions of Rhodamine B Dye
Onto Raw and Chitosan Supported Mesoporous Adsorbents: Isotherms And Kinetics Studies. Applied
Water Science 7(5):2297-2307.
Inyinbor, A. A., Adekola, F. A. and Olatunji, G. A. (2015). Adsorption of Rhodamine B Dye from Aqueous
Solution on Irvingia Gabonensis Biomass: Kinetics And Thermodynamics Studies. South African
Journal of Chemistry 68:115–125.
Kampalanonwat, P. and Supaphol, P. (2014). The Study of Competitive Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions
from Aqueous Solution by Aminated Polyacrylonitrile Nanofiber Materials. 11th Eco-Energy and
Materials Science and Engineering (11th EMSES). Energy Procedia 56:142 – 151.
Kumar, R., Mudhoo, A., Lofrano, G. and Chandra, M. (2014). Biomass-Derived Biosorbents for Metal Ions
Sequestration: Adsorbent Modification and Activation Methods and Adsorbent Regeneration. Journal of
Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2:239-259
Lakherwal, D. (2014). Adsorption of Heavy Metals: A Review. International Journal of Environmental
Research and Development 4(1):41-48
Lasheen, M.R., Iman, Y. E., Shaimaa, T. E., Dina, Y. S. and El-Shahat, M.F. (2017). Heavy Metals Removal
from Aqueous Solution Using Magnetite Dowex 50WX4 Resin Nanocomposite. Journal of Materials
and Environmental Sciences 8(2): 503-511.
Lim, W., Kim, S. W., Lee, C., Choi, E., Oh, M. H., Seo, S. N., Park H. and Hamm S.(2019). Performance of
Composite Mineral Adsorbents for Removing Cu, Cd, and Pb Ions from Polluted Water. Scientific
Moftakhar, M. K., Yaftian, M. R. and Ghorbanloo, M. (2016). Adsorption Efficiency,Thermodynamics and
Kinetics of SchiffBase-Modified Nanoparticles for Removal of Heavy Metals. International Journal of
Environtal Science and Technology.13:1707–1722
Miretzky, P., Saralegui, A., and Cirelli, A. F. (2006). Simultanoeus Heavy Metal Removal Mechanism by
Dead Macrophytes. Journal of Chemosphere 62:247- 254
Onwu, F.K and Ngele, S.O. (2015). Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Studies on Adsorption of Cd2+ and Zn2+
Using Brachystegia Eurycoma Seed Coat as Biosorbent. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences
Rasheed, A., Farooq, F. and Rafique, U. (2013). Kinetics Study of Metal Removal Using Apple Peels: Closed
Batch Approximation Model. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering 4(5):
Sarı, A. and Tuzen, M. (2009). Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies of Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from
Aqueous Solution by Macrofungus (Amanita Rubescens) Biomass. Journal of Hazardous Materials
Singh, N. and Gupta, S. K. (2016). Adsorption of heavy metals: A review. International Journal of
Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 5(2):2267- 2281.
Tie, J., Fang, X., Wang, X., Zhang, Y., Gu, T., Deng, S., Li, G., and Tang, D. (2017). AdsorptiveRemoval of a
Reactive Azo Dye Using Polyaniline-Intercalated Bentonite. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies
Worch, E. (2012). Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment: Fundamentals, Processes, and Modelling.
Published by Berlin, Walter de Gruyter.
Yildiz, S. (2017). Kinetic and Isotherm Analysis of Cu(II) Adsorption onto Almond Shell (PrunusDulcis).
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S. 24(1):87-106.