Modified Round Robin with Highest Response Ratio Next CPU Scheduling Algorithm using Dynamic Time Quantum
Suleiman Ebaiya Abubakar,Sahabi Ali Yusuf, Afolabi A. Obiniyi and Abdullahi Mohammed
Keywords: CPU Scheduling, Round Robin, Gantt chart, Time Quantum, and Throughput.
The most popular time-sharing operating systems scheduling technique, whose efficiency heavily
dependent on time slice selection, is the round robin CPU scheduling algorithm. The time slice works similar to the First-Come-First-Serve (FCFS) scheduling or processor sharing algorithm if it is large or extremely too small. Some of the existing research papers have an algorithm called Improved Round Robin with Highest Response Ratio Next (IRRHRRN) which made use of response ratio with a predefined time quantum of 10ms with the major aim of avoiding starvation. However, the IRRHRRN algorithm favors processes with shorter burst time than the ones with longer burst time, and gave no regard to the process arrival time, thus leading to starvation. Aim: this study tries to improve on the IRRHRRN algorithm by proposing the Modified Round Robin with Highest Response Ratio Next (MRRHRRN) CPU Scheduling Algorithm using Dynamic Time Quantum in order to reduce the problem of starvation. Method: Dynamic method of determining the time quantum was adopted. Results: The proposed algorithm was compared with four other existing algorisms such as Standard Round Robin (RR), Improved Round Robin (IRR), An Additional Improvement in Round Robin (AAIRR), and the Improved Round Robin with Highest Response Ratio Next (IRRHRRN) and it provided some promising results in terms of the Average Waiting Time of 35407.6 ms, Average Turnaround Time of 36117.6 ms, Average Response Time of 10894.8 ms and Number of Context Switch of 301 for the Non-Zero Arrival Times Processes.