Characterization of Combination of Glass and Porcelain Waste in Ceramic Production
Sani Garba Durumin Iya, Mohamad Zaky Noh and Nursyafikah Ali
Keywords: Glass waste (GW), Porcelain, Ceramic, Compressive Strength and Bulk Density.
Ceramics have become well known all over the world due to its properties, such as hardness, corrosion-resistant and withstand high tempetarures. Ceramics are made up of three components which are clay, quartz and feldspar. The shortage and rising cost of ceramics raw materials leads to the use of glass waste as the alternative raw material to replace the conventional raw material (feldspar). The environmental issue like pollution also can be reduced since the glass waste can be treated wisely. The percentages of glass waste addition used in this study are 0 wt.%, 2 wt.%, 4 wt.%, 6 wt.%, 8 wt.% and 10 wt.% respectively. The sintering temperatures used are 1100 °C, 1150 °C and 1200 °C. The physical properties, mechanical properties, microstructure studies were the parameters used to measure the compatibility of addition of glass waste to porcelain waste in ceramic production. 1200 °C and 2 wt.% of glass waste were the optimum sintering temperatures and weight percent of glass waste addition to the porcelain waste that produced the best sample of ceramic.