Self-Sufficiency of Rice in Sierra Leone: A Review
Andrew Borboh Sannoh, Abdulazeez Hudu Wudil,Azhar Abbas,Bashiru Mansaray, Dossa Lucres Imelda Ke-Tindagbeme
Keywords: Rice Production, Prediction, Self-Sufficiency, Sierra Leone
The purpose of this study is to examine rice self-sufficiency in Sierra Leone. The aim is also to predict the future self-sufficiency of rice. To achieve these goals, an in-depth review of existing literature was performed to draw inferences, insights and policy impact for the studied country. Further information was obtained from government reports and bulletins to supplement findings. In the present context of higher food prices, including rice, the prices for imported commodities are becoming excessively higher despite concerted efforts on the part of the government. In addition, the literature review and statistics’ validation portray Sierra Leone’s need to take appropriate measures to ensure rice self-sufficiency for future generations apart from focusing on capturing international market share. The most appropriate option would be to prepare and promote rice production plans either by devoting more land area or enhancing productivity or a combination of the two. Moreover, the analysis reveals the significance of policy evaluation and evidence-based interventions along with infrastructure development, improved access to information, and community effort in achieving self-sufficiency for food security, especially through a focus on the rice economy of Sierra Leone. These steps are destined to bring rural development, sustained livelihoods, and greater (or at least sustained) employment of rural youth, discouraging rural-urban migration in the country.